This blog is the fourth in a five-part series. My intention is to fit together family lines of enslaved people, using the journal “Negroes’ Ages” kept by my Fraser ancestors of South Carolina in the 1800s.

This journal has 37 pages. Each page lists one enslaved mother and her children, with the birth date of each child. Sometimes death dates are listed as well.

During the course of this five-part series, I plan to post copies of every journal page. See the three previous blogs for Kate’s Children, Nanny’s Children, and Dianna’s Children – and for more background information.

In this post I’m suggesting family lines for Ciller’s Children, who have the earliest birth dates in my ancestors’ journal.

The color code is first generation green, second red, third blue, and fourth pink.

Fraser, slave birth dates, South Carolina

A transcription follows each posted page.

  •  Ciller’s Children    No. 20 
  • 1 Charles was born Oct 2d 1793
  • 2 Rachel was born Dec 10th 1796
  • 3 Lavinia was born Apr. 17th 1800
  • 4 Phebe was born May 3d 1801
  • 5 Ben was born July 13th 1807
  • 6 Will was born June 25th 1809
  •  Charles died Sep 13th 1879
  • Rachel died Nov. 17 1880
  • [crossed out]
  • Ben died – 1898
  • Will died Decr 9th 1901

Ciller’s three daughters—Rachel, Lavinia, and Phebe—are each listed with children. Here are the pages that seem to match each daughter.

Fraser, slave names, South Carolina

  •  Rachel’s Children   No 17th
  •  1 Mariah was born Jan 21st 1822
  • 2 Gabriel was born Sept. 10th 1828
  • 3 Peggy was born Aug. 13th 1834
  •  Mariah died Nov. 24th 1891

 

Fraser, birth dates of enslaved people, South Carolina

  • Lavinia’s Children  No 9
  • 1 Legrand was born June 16th 1820
  • 2 Abbagail (Abba) was born May 31st 1824
  • 3 Sally was born Aug – 1833

Fraser, names of enslaved people, South Carolina

  • Phebe’s Children No. 15th
  •  1 Jim was born Oct 12th 1820
  • 2 Ciller was born May 7th 1828
  • 3 Charles was born July 14th 1833
  • 4thAlexander was born June 20th 1836
  • 5 Jack was born July 26th 1838
  • 6 Riner was born July 5th 1840
  • 7 X Phebe was born June 23d 1843
  • 8 Saby was born May 5th 1846
  •  X Phoebe died Sept. 2n 1867

 

Now we can look at the next generation:

Rachel’s daughter Peggy may be listed here with Dick as her child:

Peggy'sChildren2

  • Peggy’s children
  • Dick was born Dec 29th 1854

Lavinia’s two daughters, Abbagail (Abby, Abba) and Sally, are probably on these two pages with their children:

Fraser, names of the enslaved and birth dates, South Carolina

  • Abby’s Children No. 1
  • Lavinia was born Sept 4th 1842
  • Legrand was born Aug. 17th 1845

 

Fraser, slave mothers and children, South Carolina

  • Sally’s Children
  • 1 [crossed out] (Dead)  Mar. 21st 1850
  • 2 [crossed out] Jan 1st 1852
  • [crossed out]
  • Julia was born April 3rd 1856
  • [crossed out] June 23 1858
  • Ellen Born April 23 1860

And Phebe’s daughter Ciller may be here:

Fraser, South Carolina, names and birth dates of enslaved people

  • Ciller’s Children
  •  1 Ben was born July 27th 1849
  • 2 Linda was born Aug. 16 1852
  • [crossed out]
  • Fannie  May 17th 1856.

Repeated names, as well as probable childbearing years for the women, suggest these connections. The names Ciller, Ben, Charles,Legrand, Lavinia, and Abbagail (Abba, Abby) recur as if they were within the same family. There seem to be two instances of mother-daughter-granddaughter with repeated names:  Ciller PhebeCiller and LaviniaAbbagail (Abba, Abby)Lavinia.

The 1820 will of John Baxter Fraser mentions the family group “Lucy and her two children Labinia and Abeline,” which pairs the names Lavinia and Abby. The will also names “Silla [perhaps Ciller] & her two children. Viz. Sylva and Abigail,” which may connect the names Ciller and Abby.

Yet here is one page I cannot fit with the others, even though it contains the name Lavinia:

Fraser, names of slaves, South Carolina

  •  Caty’s Children No. 2
  • 1 Coelia was born July 10th 1837
  • 2 Claiborne was born Oct. 1st 1840
  • 3 Lavinia was born Jan 8th 1843
  • 4 [crossed out] Killed by Lightning [crossed out]
  • 5 Leonora was born June 18th 1847
  • 6 [crossed out] {Dead} [crossed out]
  • 7 Dennis was born May 14th 1852
  • 8 Daniel was born May 23rd 1854
  • Epsey was born Feb 20 1857

The other pages posted here, though, do suggest these four generations of Ciller’s descendants:

Parent: Ciller

| - Charles 
born: 2 Oct 1793  died: 13 Sep. 1879

| - Rachel 
born: 10 Dec 1796 died: 17 Nov 1880

  •  | - Mariah
  • born: 21 Jan 1822   died: 4 Nov 1891
  • | - Gabriel
  • born: 10 Sept 1828
  • | - Peggy
  • born: 13 Aug 1834  Dick born 29 Dec 1854

| – Lavinia 
born: 17 Apr 1800 

  • | - Legrand 
  • born: 16 June 1820
  • | - Abbagail (Abba)
  • born 31 May 1824 Lavinia born 4 Sep 1842, Legrand born 17 Aug 1845
  • | - Sally 
  •  born: Aug 1833  Julia born 3 Apr 1856, Ellen born 23 Apr 1869

| – Phebe
born: 3 May 1801

  •  | - Jim 
  •  born: 12 Oct 1820
  • | - Ciller 
  • born:  7 May 1828  Ben born 27 Jul 1849, Linda born 16 Aug 1852, Fannie born 17 May 1856
  • | - Charles
  • born 14 Jul 1833
  • | - Alexander
  • born: 20 Jun 1836
  • | - Jack 
  • born 26 Jul 1838
  • | - Riner 
  • born: 5 Jul 1840
  • | - Phebe
  • born:  23 June 1843  died: 2 Sep 1867
  • | - Saby
  • born: 5 May 1846

| – Ben
born: 13 Jul 1807  died: 1898

| – Will 
born: 25 Jun 1809  died: 9 Dec 1901

The surviving descendants of Ciller would have been emancipated in 1865 in the Sumter district of South Carolina. They may have taken the surname Fraser, or one of the surnames used within the Fraser family: Atchison, Atkinson, Baxter, Boone, Hickman, Jones, Lynch, Paris, Postell, Washington, or Wilson.

Part 5 of this series will be about Peggy’s Children. That post will contain all the remaining lists of enslaved mothers and children from the “Negroes’ Ages” journal not yet included in the first four posts.