This blog is the fifth in a five-part series. Here are the links to Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, and Part 4.

Using the journal “Negroes’ Ages” – kept by my 1st, 2nd, and 3rd great-grandfathers who were slaveholders in 19th century South Carolina – I’ve  tried to piece together family lines of enslaved people.

Each journal page lists one enslaved mother and her children’s names and birth dates. Death dates are sometimes given.

Here are the journal pages reproduced in the first four blogs of this series.

Part 1: “A Lucky Glimpse: Family Lines of Slaves”

  • Nanny’s Children No 14th  (No means “number”)
  • Sue’s Children No 18
  • Minerva’s Children No 13
  • Hiram Hickman’s children

“Part 2: Family Lines of Enslaved People”

  • Kate’s Children No 8
  • Sucky’s Children No 19th
  • Lavicy’s Children No 10th
  • Little Diana’s children
  • L Caty’s Children
  • Mary Ann’s children

“Part 3: A Third Family Line of Fraser Slaves in South Carolina”

  • Dianna’s Children No. 4
  • Margaret’s Children No 21
  • Juno’s Children
  • Marilla’s children
  • Margaret’s children (Juno’s Margaret)

“Part 4: A Fourth Family Line of Fraser Slaves in South Carolina”

  • Ciller’s Children No 20
  • Rachel’s Children No 17th
  • Lavinia’s Children No 9
  • Phebe’s Children No 15th
  • Peggy’s children
  • Abby’s children No. 1
  • Sally’s Children
  • Ciller’s Children
  • Caty’s Children No.2

The count so far is 24 journal pages.

In addition, I’m publishing 12 more journal pages in this post (one is a transcription without a photo). That makes a total of 36 journal pages.

When I first held this journal in my hands, several months ago, I counted 37 pages. I photographed each page with my Flip-Pal. Or so I thought. Last month, I donated the journal to the South Carolina Historical Society in Charleston. I plan to ask the archivist whether I missed copying one journal page, and if so, whether I can get a scan of that page by email.

Meanwhile, here are some suggested family lines for Peggy’s Children.

The color code is first generation green, second red, third blue, and fourth pink.

Fraser, names and birth dates of slaves, South CArolina

A  transcription follows each posted page.

  •  Peggy’s Children No. 16th
  •  1 Mary was born July 26th 1813
  • 2 Henry was born  X  Feby 6th 1817
  • 3 Joan was born March 17th 1818
  • 4 Ellenor was born Aug 23rd 1822
  • Henry died Jany 5th 1888
  • Joan died Oct 1895

Two of Peggy’s daughters, Ellenor and Mary, seem to be listed with children.

Here is a page for Ellenor:

Fraser, names and birth dates of slaves, South Carolina

  • Ellenor’s Children No. 5
  •  1 Jonas was born July 27th 1842
  • 2 Betsy was born Jun 25th 1844
  • 3 Crecia was born Sept. 19th 1845
  • 4 Xury was born Apr 15th 1849
  • 5 Sally was borne March 27th 1851
  • 6 Catherine was born March 10th 1853
  • 7 Elizabeth  May 10 1856
  • 8 Sucky was born June 16 1858
  • Rallston was born June 1860
  • Easter was born March 17th 1863

Peggy’s daughter Mary could be either of two people. I’ll call them Mary 1 and Mary 2.

Here is a page for Mary 1:

Fraser, names and birth dates of slaves, South Carolina

  • Mary’s Children No. 11
  • 1 Jim was born May 1 1835
  • 2 Nanny was born Oct 15th 1837
  • 3 Henry was born Apr. 23 1840
  • 4 Hymin [sp?] was born June 25th 1842
  • 5 George was born Oct. 29th 1844
  • 6 Sarah was born Nov. 30th 1846
  • 7 Hetty [sp?] was born Mar 5 1849
  • 8 [crossed out]

This Mary’s daughter Nanny could be the Little Nanny of this page:

Fraser, names and birth dates of slaves

  • Little Nanny’s children
  • Mary was born [partly crossed out]  Oct 12th 1854
  • Melia was born Feb 15 1859
  • [blank] was born April 7th 1863

On the other hand, here is a page for Mary 2:

Fraser, names and birth dates of slaves, South Carolina

  • Mary’s Children {Corbit} No 12
  •  1 Griffin was born Nov. 6th 1837
  • 2 Becca was born Nov. 14th 1839
  • 3 July was born July 15th 1841

This Mary’s daughter Becca could be on this journal page:

Fraser, names and birth dates of slaves, South Carolina

  • Becca’s children
  • Mary was born Apr. 15th 1862 [or 1861]

Therefore, either of two generational lines for Peggy’s Children seem possible:

This line, with Mary 1, is one possibility:

Parent:  Peggy

| - Mary
born: 26 Jul 1813

  • | - Jim
  • born: 1 May 1835
  • | - Nanny
  • born 15 Oct 1837   Mary born 12 Oct 1854, Melia born 15 Feb 1859
  • | - Henry
  • born: 23 Apr 1840
  • | - Hymin [sp?]
  • born: 25 Jun 1842
  • | - George
  • born: 29 Oct 1844
  • | - Sarah
  • born: 30 Nov 1846
  • | - Hetty [sp?]
  • born: 5 Mar 1849

| - Henry 
born: 6 Feb 1817   died: 5 Jan 1888
| - Joan
born 17 Mar 1818  died: Oct 1895
| - Ellenor
born: 23 Aug  1822

  •  | - Jonas 
  • born: 27 Jul  1842
  • | – Betsy 
  • born: 25 Jun 1844
  • | - Crecia
  • born: 10 Sep 1845
  • | - Xury 
  • born: 15 Apr 1849
  • | - Sally 
  • born: 27 Mar 1851
  • | - Catherine 
  • born: 10 Mar  1853
  • | – Elizabeth
  • born:  10 May 1856
  • | - Sucky
  • born: 16 Jun 1858
  • | – Rallston
  • born:  Jun 1860
  • | – Easter 
  • born: 17 Mar 1863

 

This line, with Mary 2, is the other possibility:

Parent:  Peggy

| - Mary 
born: 26 Jul 1813

  •  | - Griffin
  • born 6 Nov 1837
  • | - Becca 
  •  born: 14 Nov  1839  Mary born 15 Apr 1862 [or 1861]
  • | - July 
  • born: 15 Jul 1841

| - Henry 
born: 6 Feb 1817   died: 5 Jan 1888
| - Joan 
born 17 Mar 1818  died: Oct 1895
| - Ellenor 
born: 23 Aug  1822

  •  | - Jonas 
  • born: 27 Jul  1842
  • | - Betsy
  • born: 25 Jun 1844
  • | - Crecia
  • born: 10 Sep 1845
  • | - Xury 
  • born: 15 Apr 1849
  • | - Sally 
  • born: 27 Mar 1851
  • | - Catherine 
  • born: 10 Mar  1853
  • | - Elizabeth
  • born:  10 May 1856
  • | - Sucky
  • born: 16 Jun 1858
  • | - Rallston
  • born:  Jun 1860
  • | - Easter 
  • born: 17 Mar 1863

 

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

The remaining five journal pages call for more guesswork.

This page shows Ben Peggy’s children.

Fraser, names and birth dates of slaves, South Carolina

  • Ben Peggy’s Children
  • 1 Tom
  • 2 Ben    21
  • 3 Beck   19
  • 4 Charlotte 17
  • 5 Peggy   15
  • 6 Ciller    13
  • 7 Jack was born Oct 20th 1851
  • [crossed out]
  • Nelson was born Feb 5th 1856

Here the first 5 numbers at the right may be the children’s ages. If those ages were recorded in 1856, the last date on this page, the children would likely have been born in the 1830s and 1840s.

The name “Ben Peggy” might signify “Ben’s Peggy,” meaning that Peggy is essentially Ben’s wife.  (This might even be the Ben who was born to Ciller in 1807, in Part 4.) The 1820 will of John Baxter Fraser mentions “Lucy & her two children to Wit Peggy & Nelson,” suggesting that the names Peggy and Nelson belong in a family group, as here.

Ben Peggy’s daughter Charlotte may be the Little Charlotte of this page:

Fraser, names and birth dates of slaves, South Carolina

  • L Charlotte’s children
  • Mary was born Feby 16th 1863

 

And Beck may be the Bec of this page:

Fraser, names and birth dates of slaves, South Carolina

  • Bec’s children
  • Major was born Dec. 18th 1862

~~~~~

 

Finally, here are two journal pages that I cannot fit with the others: (1) Hetty’s page and (2) Clarrissa’s page.

(1) I have Hetty’s page only in transcription:

  • Hetty’s children
  • Hetty was born in 1808
  • Ovid was born in 1804
  • Phillis 1830
  • Daniel 1833
  • Sarah 1837
  • Elisa 1840
  • Charlotte 1843
  • Harry 1846
  • Annie 1852

Some possibilities:

  • Hetty’s Charlotte may be the woman above, on the Little Charlotte page, who gives birth to Mary in 1863.
  • The Daniel under Caty’s children (Part 4) was born in 1854. Hetty’s Daniel was born in 1833. It may be that the Daniel born in 1833 is the father of the Daniel born in 1854.
  • Hetty’s Harry may be related to the Harry on the page below. The same name and birth year, with different parents (unless we are dealing with nicknames), is quite a coincidence. Mary 2, above, also had a child named July in 1841. Perhaps July was a name for men.

Fraser, names and birth dates of slaves, South Carolina

  • Harry (July) Wilson, son of July and Dorcas Wilson, was born July 1846

If this page about Harry (July) Wilson was written after emancipation, it could be an example of a freed slave taking the surname of a neighboring family. Many people of the surname Wilson were close to our Fraser family throughout the 1800s.

(2) Here is the photo of Clarrissa’s page:

Fraser, names and birth dates of slaves, South Carolina

  • Clarrissa’s Children  No. 3
  •  1 Frank was born Sept. 14th 1846
  • 2 [crossed out] {Dead}  April 20 1849
  • 3 [crossed out]  April 7th 1852
  • [crossed out]  Sep 29th 1854
  • Cloe  Sept 20 1856
  • [crossed out]
  • Jacob was born Jan 12th 1862
  • Gabriel  July 1864

In Part 4, there is a Gabriel born in 1828 to Rachel, who is Ciller’s daughter. This Gabriel may be the father of Clarissa’s Gabriel born in 1864.

 

Many people made possible this series of five posts. My great-grandfathers kept records that are readable and fairly well detailed. My grandmother had the foresight to pass these records to her daughter, who saved them for her own daughter (my cousin), who was kind enough to share them with me and release them to the SCHS archive.

My genealogy friends on Twitter have shown me, by their example, how to make records like these comprehensible. They have also impressed on me that African-American genealogists today face extra barriers in tracing their ancestors–who did not have surnames and whose records are either nonexistent or prohibitively hard to find or interpret.

I hope the posting of these journal pages, with these sketches of possible family lines, will help recover some family histories.

 

Note: If I do obtain a lost journal page from the archivist, I will explore more possible family connections in another blog post.